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Camp number 3, North Vercors
Chief Robert, from C3, in hunter’s outfit. Baraque des Feuilles, Méaudre, C3. Group of maquisards. In the centre, Pierre Bacus, Boby, deputy leader of C3. Bacus Pierre, Boby, (1921-1979). Born in Lunéville in Meurthe-et-Moselle, he was a non-commissioned officer in the 2nd artillery regiment of Grenoble. When the Armistice army was disbanded, he joined a chalet of the 6th BCA in Chamrousse with Roméo Secchi, Robert, under the cover of a ski instructor. In February 1943, they were asked to take command of camp 3 in formation in the Méaudre region. After an alert, the camp left the Vercors for the Isère valley. During a weapons inspection he injured his hand. Having returned to his camp, he took part in the sealing off of the massif. He was involved in the battle of Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte, in the battle of La Croix-Perrin and in an ambush against German troops during their evacuation of the Vercors. Pierre Bacus took part in the liberation of Lyon and fought at the Italian border. Author : Julien Guillon Romeo Secchi (Chief Robert) and his assistant Pierre Bacus (Boby). Collecting logs at the C3 camp in Gève, undated (probably winter 1943-1944). Méaudre. Baraques des Feuilles 1943, C3. The remains of the Lancaster bomber, near the pas de la Clé. Discovered by a C3 patrol.
Ski training as seen by Weygand, the C3 designer. Winter 43-44. C3. Les Carteaux. Elements of C3 folded at the Fortress. Spring 1944. Chief Robert of C3 at the Gève fountain in 1943. Méaudre, leaf hut. Spring 1943. Camp C3-C5. In the background, Fend la Bise, the cook, goes about his business. At the time the picture was taken, camps C3 and C5 were one camp. Only later were they divided.
Frederic Susz (1907-1977). At the Carteaux, Frederic Susz, known as Tatahouine or Tatave. Born in Vienna (Austria) into a Jewish family, he was a former legionnaire who became a naturalised French citizen. Frederic Susz left Paris in September 1941 for Villard-de-Lans, where he stayed at the Hotel Terminus. On 23 January 1943, he joined the C3 camp, in the Baraque des feuilles, of which he was the dean. The twenty months he spent in the maquis, from January 1943 to September 1944, made him one of the oldest maquisards in the Vercors. He took part in all the military operations in which C3 was involved. In September 1944, he returned to Paris and continued his professional activity.
Chief Robert of C3, right. Transporting wood for the Gève refuge by mule. September 1943. The first ski equipment. C3. After a game of football at C3. Gève, C3, winter 43-44. The photograph is later. Annotations by camp leader Robert. Ski jumping demonstration by Crainquebille from C3. In C3, initiation to skiing. Boby and Chief Robert (Roméo Secchi) on the right with the C3 mascot dog. Roméo Secchi, Robert, holding the camp mascot, with his deputy Pierre Bacus, Boby, in Gève, summer 1943. The photograph was taken at a place called “Les Carteaux” not far from Fontaine-de-Gèves, where C3 took up its summer quarters in June 1943.
The kitchen at the Baraque des Feuilles, Méaudre, C3-C5, April 1943. Preparing a meal for the maquisards at the camp set up at the ‘Baraque des Feuilles’, near Roche-de-Méaudre (Isère), April 1943 Camp C3- C5. The kitchen is in the open air and the cooking utensils used were originally intended for preparing food for farm animals. At the time of the events, camps C3 and C5 formed one camp. Only later were they divided. Military training at the C3. Evening in Gève, C3. Lighting with acetylene lamp. Winter 1943-1944. Bathing at the fountain, Feuilles barrack, Méaudre, C3, summer 1943. Marc Serratrice, Crainquebille; Semidee, le corse; René Weyland, Weygand ou Général et la mascotte du C3. The kitchen at C3. Alphonse Riband-Marcel Chapon- Robert Seguy. The two C3 mascots. Summer 1943.
The C2 camp, South East Vercors
Fourth quarter 1943. Element of the C2 camp on the eastern flank of the Vercors. Transport of supplies by mule.
C2 maquisards in charming company. Second on the left, Raymond Anne, known as Filochard.
A group from C2 at pas de l’Âne.
Gresse-en-Vercors, Isère, 1935. Situated at the foot of the pas de l’Est mountain range. It was the site of a mountain training post for the 6th battalion of Alpine hunters of the armistice army and then the C2 camp. It was the object of deadly repression on 4 July 1944 and again at the end of July.
Vassieux, destruction and reconstruction
Church of Vassieux. The bell tower was preserved during the reconstruction. Gliders and barracks during the reconstruction of Vassieux-en-Vercors. Reconstruction in Vassieux. Burnt farm in Vassieux-en-Vercors.
First graves in the temporary cemetery of Vassieux-en-Vercors. A destroyed farm in Vassieux-en-Vercors. Vassieux-en-Vercors. Barracks 1 and 3. Canteen for the victims. Workers’ dormitory. School. Grocery shop. Social service and three lodgings. Vassieux after the turmoil. Vassieux. Life is reborn after the departure of the Germans.
The church of Vassieux after the departure of the German troops in August 1944. Vassieux. Total renovation of a farm. Destruction at Vassieux-en-Vercors. Presentation of the Liberation Cross to Jules Martin, Mayor of Vassieux-en-Vercors.
Ceremony at the Vassieux Necropolis in 1944. First burials in Vassieux. Destroyed farm in Vassieux-en-Vercors. Destruction at Vassieux-en-Vercors. Manufacture of coffins in Vassieux-en-Vercors. Vassieux before the German attack.
The sites of the fighting Vercors
Saint-Laurent-en-Royans, Drôme, image of La Providence in the 1950s. La Providence was a home for deaf and dumb children. During the Occupation, the institution, after taking in many refugees, provided sustained assistance to the Resistance. Wounded and sick members of the Resistance were treated there. Bread was baked there for the camps. In December 1943, it participated in the storage of weapons in the Franciscan sisters’ vault. Providence was run by Mother Superior Marie-Louise Gervais (1880-1970) – “Mother Moses” in religion. Mother Moses was made an officer of the Legion of Honour. Le Pont-de-Claix, Isère au début du XXe siècle. Situé au sud de Grenoble (6 kilomètres du centre). A droite le massif du Vercors et le plateau Saint-Ange, lieu d’installation du maquis Saint-Ange du mouvement « Combat ». Les résistants de ce camp rejoindront la Résistance du Vercors après l’attaque par l’armée italienne le 29 avril 1943. Le-Pont-de-Claix fut un lieu d’exécutions de maquisards tentant de briser l’encerclement fin juillet-début août 1944. Vue prise en direction du sud. Pontaix, Drôme. Le Grand-Serre, Drôme, 1929. Place where Lieutenant Geyer and volunteer cavalrymen of the 11th Cuirassiers Regiment settled in the Thivollet forest after the invasion of the southern zone by German and Italian troops. Destructions à Pont-en-Royans, Isère. Méaudre, Isère, in 1942. Located in the north of the Vercors massif, the Méaudre sector was to host camps C3, C5 and C8. Photo taken from the south.
Lus-La-Croix-Haute, Drôme (sometimes noted as Luz). 1920s. View taken towards the Vercors. The commune is crossed by the road (ex-RN 75) which links Grenoble to Marseille. Monestier-de-Clermont, Trièves, Isère, 1920. Located in the east of the massif on the former national road 75 which links Grenoble and Sisteron via the Lus-La-Croix-Haute pass. It is also crossed by the Grenoble-Veynes railway line which continues towards Marseille. Visual on a part of the chain of the steps of the East. Doubling the Rhone valley, freedom of movement on this axis was essential for the German command in the event of a withdrawal of its troops from the Mediterranean or Italy. This map illustrates the proximity of the Vercors maquis to this communication route on which the threat was unacceptable to the enemy. Photo taken looking west. The Clelles train station and the Mont Aiguille in 1949. Plan-de-Baix Drôme. Début XXe s. Située entre Léoncel et la vallée de la Drôme, Plan-de-Baix est bombardée par la Luftwaffe les 22 (sept morts et deux blessés) et 28 juin 1944. Saint-Agnan-en-Vercors, Drôme, 1938. It is in this commune that the cave of La Luire is located. Rovon, Isère, 1924. North-west of the Vercors massif, on the left bank of the Isère. Photo taken towards the north-east. The road from Les Écouges to Rencurel crosses the mountainous part of the commune. Saint-Martin-en-Vercors, Drôme, hamlet of Les Baraques. Located at the exit of the Grands Goulets, on the D538 road that leads from the Isère valley to the massif via the Royans. Les Baraques-en-Vercors suffered major damage during the German attack of 22 January 1944. The spelling Baraques is the toponymic reference of the IGN. Photo dating from the 1920s.
Villard-de-Lans, Isère, 1927. Villard-de-Lans, Isère, Hotel Moderne. The chef Théo Racouchot, owner of the Hotel Moderne, was part of the first team of resistance fighters in Villard-de-Lans. Linked by Freemasonry ties to Léon Martin – a member of parliament, one of the eighty parliamentarians who refused to give Pétain full powers on 10 July 1940 – Théo Racouchot organised the meeting between the two groups from Grenoble and Villard-de-Lans, which in practice created the Vercors maquis. Bouvante, Drôme, hydro-electric plant around 1930. When they observed suspicious or dangerous movements for the maquisards, the employees of the electricity production companies gave the alarm by cutting and restoring the current according to a code agreed in advance, which allowed the resistance fighters to evacuate the farm of Ambel where they were stationed. Testimony of Lt Stephen, Vercors First Maquis of France: “… Here we never turn off these lamps, they are our sentinels… the electricity burns here night and day. If anything happens at any time, from below, we get the signal, we turn off the electricity and turn it on again three times. Here we know what it means and we act accordingly…” Barbières, Drôme, route du col de Tourniol. Located in the south-west of the massif. The road allows to reach it by joining Léoncel by the Tourniol pass. Saillans, Drôme, 1929. Located on the National Road 93 linking the Rhone Valley to the road to Sisteron and Marseille. This road was used on 21 July 1944 by the Zabel column of the Wehrmacht which attacked the Vercors via the Rousset pass. The Resistance fighters of the Pons company tried to block it but were overwhelmed by a much larger force and a strong Luftwaffe engagement.
The Carthusian monastery of Esparron, at Percy, near Clelles, Trièves, Isère. Photo taken after 1941: one can see the repairs made by the Chantiers de jeunesse on the roofs. The Chartreuse d’Esparron, also known as Notre-Dame-d’Esparron, in the commune of Le Percy in Isère, was the site of the C11 camp under the command of Gaston Cathala, Lieutenant Grange, who was to be found in later battles at the head of the 3rd squadron of the 11th Cuir. The camp was attacked on 3 February 1944 on a tip-off. See Le Pionnier du Vercors, n°17, December 1976, pp. 6 and 7. Tréminis, Isère, Chateau-Bas, 1925. In August or September 1943, a camp was set up at the Sagne de Château-Bas, on the initiative of two theology students from the University of Montpellier. A “Protestant camp”. This mini-camp was set up in a woodcutters’ hut. It was destroyed on 19 October 1943 by the German army. Saint-Jean-en-Royans, Drôme, 1920s. Saint-Romans, Isère, en 1932. A l’ouest, au pied du massif. Traversée par la RN 532 sur la rive gauche de l’Isère. Le pont est à l’extrémité nord de la commune. Rencurel, Isère, around 1920. Photo taken from the north-west to the south-east. Commune located in the North-West of the massif, crossed by the road which links Saint-Gervais in the Isère valley and the Bourne by the Écouges. This road leads to Villard-de-Lans to the east and Royans to the west. The hamlet of La Balme is located towards this outlet. The Engins Villard-de-Lans Rencurel route was used by the Germans in January 1944 to transport troops. These troops locked down the high ground, preventing the Resistance fighters who were attacked at Malleval from withdrawing. On 21 June 1944, an attempt to penetrate through the Écouges pass was stopped by the Resistance fighters. On the territory of the commune, more than twenty Resistance fighters taken prisoner were executed between 23 July and 2 August 1944. Auberives-en-Royans, Isère, around 1910.
Portraits of resistance fighters
Comte Roland Costa de Beauregard known as . Saint-Cyr, promotion of King Albert I, 1934-1936. Lieutenant General, he was brought to the Vercors combat committee by Alain Le Ray in early 1943. Commander of the northern network sector of the Vercors in 1944, Grand Officer of the Order of the Legion of Honour. Durieu René Bousquet dit (1903-1974). During the German offensive in May and June 1940, he saved his unit from annihilation. He was then wounded and taken prisoner. René Bousquet escaped and joined the 2nd artillery regiment in Grenoble, where he was given the task of organising escape networks for prisoners of war. On demobilisation, he became a member of the ORA (Organisation de Résistance de l’Armée), responsible for the Rhône department. Arrested by the Gestapo in June 1944, he managed to escape and joined François Huet in the Vercors on 13 July, becoming his deputy. After the German attack, he roamed the massif with the staff. In August, with several hundred Resistance fighters, he formed the Chabert group, which participated in the liberation of Lyon. Chabert François Huet. Three military leaders of the Vercors succeeded one another. Alain Le Ray, first, from May 1943 to January 1944, then Narcisse Geyer, Thivollet, until May 1944. Marcel Descour appointed Squadron Leader François Huet, Hervieux, to succeed him on 6 May 1944. The North Vercors zone was then under the orders of Roland Costa de Beauregard, Durieu, the South Vercors zone, under the orders of Narcisse Geyer, Thivollet. Military chief of the Vercors massif, François Huet was also in charge of liaising with the surrounding maquis in Isère and Drôme. This photo was signed on its back by many Pioneers during the national congress of the association on 23 April 1961 in Pont-en-Royans. , Hervieux Raymond Anne, dit , maquisard of the C 12, motorbike liaison officer, whose body lies at Mont Valérien, undated. Filochard Deux ouvriers en chaussures de Romans, Louis Caillet, 41 ans, et son fils Pierre, 19 ans, se sont engagés dans la compagnie Prévost ( capitaine Goderville). Après avoir combattu à Saint-Nizier, ils sont pris et fusillés le 24 juillet 1944 à Miribel-Lanchâtre (Isère). Leurs corps sont retrouvés sous Chênière vers les Jardaires, en face de Saint-Guillaume. René Piron. Born in 1904 in Saint-Claude (Charente.) Director of an apprenticeship centre in Romans, he was recruited in February 1943 by Colonel Descours, chief of staff of the ORA for the R1 region. He was integrated into the AS with the rank of captain. He created a civilian company under the name “Daniel Company”. After the dissolution of his company in September 1944, René Piron became second in command of the 1st battalion of the ½ brigade of the Drôme. He fought in the Maurienne until 21 November 1944. Knight of the Legion of Honour War Cross Resistance Medal.
Victor Tito Vermorel, 17 July 1910 – 23 July 1944. Born in Lyon. Industrialist in Villefranche-sur-Saône, pilot in the Air Force. Braking the collaboration of his company with the occupying forces, he was arrested on 19 September 1941. Incarcerated for three weeks in the Saint-Paul prison in Lyon, he continued his action after being released. In April 1943, he was banned from the seven departments of the region and moved to Nice. He tried to reach North Africa but was unable to do so. Arrested again on 10 September 1943, he was incarcerated for four months in the Saint-Pierre prison in Marseille before finally being released for lack of evidence. He then worked under the orders of Bousquet, who was in charge of the military organisation of the resistance in the Rhône department. In June, he narrowly escaped the Gestapo who came to take him in Villefranche. He then went to the Vercors with Bousquet. Wounded on 21 July at Vassieux while serving a heavy machine gun against German gliders, he was evacuated to Die. On the 23rd, he was shot by a burst of machine gun fire while trying to escape the Germans who were searching the town for Resistance fighters. Second lieutenant, knight of the Legion of Honour, Croix de guerre with palm. Léa Blain was born in 1922 in Tullins in the Isère department. She was executed on 1 August 1944 by German soldiers at a place called “La Croix des Glovettes” (Villard-de-Lans). Anthelme Croibier Muscat et Micheline Blanc Croibier Muscat. April 1944, Grenoble. Groupe franc de Combat, Vallier group. Paul Barnier. Member of the civilian team of Autrans. Intelligence and liaison officer for the C.3 and the C.1 North, created in January 1944. After the 6th June, he was incorporated into the Planche company and took part in the fighting at Saint-Nizier. Wounded during a skirmish with a patrol on 13 August 1944, near Autrans. Rémi Bayle de Jessé, 24 novembre 1910 – 5 juin 1955. Agricultural and water and forestry engineer. Lieutenant in the Engineers, taken prisoner in Rennes on 19 June 1940, he escaped a month later. In February 1943, he was part of the 1st Combat Committee created as part of the Montagnards plan. Arrested on 29 May 1943, the war council of the 4th Italian army sentenced him on 13 July 1943 to seven years’ imprisonment. Deported to Italy to the Fossano prison from where he escaped on 11 September 1943, he returned to France. He took part in the Vercors battle in July 1944. Medal of the Resistance. Le général Henri Zeller elevated to the dignity of Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour by Marshal Juin on 1 February 1958.
Odette Malossane, known as was born on 27 July 1919 in Clérieux (Drôme). Niece of Benjamin Malossane, she was very active in socialist youth movements. A nurse and social worker, she joined the Vercors maquis where she was assigned to the hospital in Saint-Martin-en-Vercors on 10 June 1944 as a nurse major. When the maquis was attacked by German troops, she took part in the evacuation of the wounded, whom she accompanied to the La Luire cave. She was arrested there on 27 July 1944, deported with the other nurses and died at Ravensbrück on 25 March 1945. Knight of the Legion of Honour, Croix de guerre with palm, Medal of the Resistance. Etty, Robert Bennes, dit , chief of the radio operators for the Vercors zone, engaged in the resistance on November 1st 1942, commander of the “Bob company” of the 12th BCA in the Vercors, then on the Italian border. Robert Bennes wears the badge of the air infantry parachutist brevet, created in 1936, and the chèche of those who were trained in Algeria. He was then between 22 and 23 years old. Bob Paul Brisac. 23 August 1902 – 6 August 1991, pseudonym Belmont. Executive at the Merlin-Gerin company, reserve artillery captain. Creator of the eponymous civilian company which fought on the 13th and 15th June at Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte and then in the northern sector of the massif, which it left via Saint-Gervais on the 19th August. Very attached to the amicale and then to the association of the Pioneers of the Vercors, he was one of its main leaders for many years. Docteur Eugène Samuel, dit One of the first resistance fighters in the Vercors, here in a military health service uniform. Eugène Samuel was born on 14 August 1907 in Dej, Romania. He became a naturalized French citizen in 1930 and was appointed second lieutenant in the health service in 1940. In 1941, he joined the first Vercors combat committee, where he was responsible, with the Huillier family, for setting up and supporting the camps, particularly the Ambel camp. At the time of mobilisation on 9 June 1944, he was assistant to the civilian leader of the Vercors, Eugène Chavant. As an FFI captain, he took command of the 1st company of the 14th BCA, with which he participated in all the fighting; he contributed to the liberation of Romans and Royans. Jacques, Ernest ou Ravalec. Le docteur Albert Féret, a pneumologist, became director of the Autrans preventorium in 1942. With his wife Georgette, born Atlan, the couple helped a Jewish family and hid their youngest child. Together with Dr Chauve, a doctor in the village of Autrans, they provided care for the maquisards in the Vercors camps during 1943. Dr Albert Féret made several of his nurses available to the hospital at Saint-Martin-en-Vercors. His four sons, Max, Claude, Jacques and André joined camps C3 and C5.
Victor Huillier. André Roure was born in Lyon on 8 November 1920. He studied at Sainte-Marie in Lyon. He was admitted to Saint-Cyr in 1941, Charles de Foucauld class. He graduated as a second lieutenant. In 1943, following the closure of the school, he enrolled at the chemistry school in Lyon. At Easter 1943, he spent some time in the Vercors, to give military training to the “Albert de Mun clan”. In June 1943, he joined the Grand-Serre maquis under the orders of Lieutenant Geyer, known as Thivollet, bringing together former members of the 11th cuirassiers. He then served on the staff of Commander Descour. On 21 January 1944, he had to report to the Lyon gendarmerie, like all former officers, to have his presence recorded, in accordance with the directives issued by the occupying forces. On 22 January, the Germans made an incursion towards La Chapelle-en-Vercors. Jacques Samuel, Louis Bouchier and André Roure went to reconnoitre the column and came under heavy enemy fire at Les Barraques, in Saint-Martin-en-Vercors, near the junction of the Saint-Agnan road. Roure was killed on the side of the road. (According to Stephen Vallot in Vercors Premier maquis de France, pp. 83-84). Louise Barnier. Henri Cheynis, (1918-1944). Born in La Bâtie-Rolland (Drôme). Second lieutenant in the engineers, he joined the Malleval-en-Vercors maquis (Isère) in 1943. He narrowly escaped death when the maquis was attacked by German troops on 29 January 1944. In March he became head of camp 5 (C5) based in the commune of Méaudre. During the fighting at Croix-Perrin, he was seriously wounded in the ankle on the first day of the attack. Refusing to be evacuated by his comrades, he was killed at a place called Echarlière, in the commune of Autrans (Isère). Portrait of Henri Cheynis, leader of the C5. Date unknown. Noël Roger Raoux. Born on 6 October 1910 in Molières-sur-Cèze in the Gard. Tax inspector. Lieutenant “Morgan” in the Fayard battalion (Bourdeaux). Mayor of Romans at the Liberation. Jeanne Jarrand.
The necropolis of Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte
Before the final construction of the Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte memorial, a wooden Lorraine cross was erected. Inauguration of the Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte memorial on 27 July 1947 by the Minister for Veterans’ Affairs, François Mitterrand. The Minister for Veterans’ Affairs, François Mitterrand, presides over the inauguration of the Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte memorial on 27 July 1947.
Before the memorial was built, a wooden Lorraine cross had been erected. At Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte, the bodies of the maquisards killed during the fighting on 13 and 15 June 1944 were burnt by the Germans. Ceremony at the temporary cemetery of Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte. Aircraft flying over the Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte necropolis for the 27 July ceremony.
View of the necropolis of Saint-Nizier. Commemorative ceremony of 21 July 1945 at the Saint-Nizier necropolis. On 13 June 2019, the children of Saint-Nizier school and the teachers performed the Chant des partisans and the Marseillaise.
Town hall of Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte where the bodies of eight maquisards were burnt. Undated, 1944 ? Eugène Chavant, from behind in Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte. Children, troops, flag bearers at the Saint-Nizier Necropolis in June 2014.
After the Liberation
General de Gaulle, on a visit to the Drôme in September 1963, made a stop at the Vassieux necropolis. No President of the Republic has ever presided over the commemorative ceremonies of the Vercors battles. Vassieux-en-Vercors is the only Compagnon de la Libération commune never to have hosted an official visit by a President of the Republic. The 11th cuirassiers regiment at the liberation of Romans, Drôme. 1944. Défilé du 11e régiments de cuirassiers le 14 juillet 1945 à Vassieux-en-Vercors. Vassieux-en-Vercors. 10th anniversary of the Vercors battles, 1954.
Parade of the 6th BCA on 6 September 1944 in Grenoble. Robert Benne receives a bouquet of flowers. July 1979 in Vassieux-en-Vercors. The flag bearer Eloi Arribert-Narce, the mayor Mr. Jacques Roux, Mr. Chaban-Delmas, the president of the Pioneers, Mr. Georges Ravinet. The Ravix platoon, November 1944 (?). Place unknown. The paper document bears the words: Peloton Ravix / November, ‘fraternal memory of a distant past’, as well as the following identifications: Roux: XX, Gaspari: 0, Carra: X Nécropole de Vassieux.
Inauguration of the Vassieux-en-Vercors necropolis on 25 July 1948. Visit of Georges Bidault, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to Vassieux-en-Vercors. August 1945. From left to right, Eugène Chavant, civilian leader of the maquis, Georges Bidault, Yves Farge, regional commissioner of the Republic, General Doyen, commander of the Alps army detachment. Louis Mexandeau, Minister of Veterans Affairs, on 21 July 1992 at the Vassieux-en-Vercors necropolis. Seyssinet-Pariset Isère. Ceremony in homage to the shootings of the Désert de l’Écureuil on 21 July 1944. Photo 21 July 1963 or 1964. Five people identified: Doctor Baudry, Georges Ravinet, Marin Dentella, Anthelme Croibier-Muscat and his son Didier.
The section formed with the maquisards of camp number 3. Undated, 1944? Lyon, le 11 novembre 1944. La Luire cave, 6 August 1945. Georges Bidault, Minister of Foreign Affairs, attends the first commemoration at the site and the unveiling of a memorial plaque. Commemoration in Vassieux, organised by the Amicale des pionniers.
Presidents of the ANPCVMV-FA since its creation in 1944
Eugène Chavant, founding president of the Amicale des Pionniers from 1944 to 1969
Georges Fereyre, President of the National Pioneer Association from 1990 to 2002.
Abel Demeure, President of the National Pioneer Association from 1969 to 1972. Daniel Huillier, President of the National Pioneer Association since 2002. Commemorative ceremony on 27 January 2019, Place Eugène Chavant in Grenoble.
Georges Ravinet, President of the National Pioneer Association from 1972 to 1982. Speech at the inauguration of the monument and the Chavant square in Grenoble, 1976.
Louis Bouchier, President of the National Pioneer Association from 1982 to 1990.